TRANSABDOMINAL PELVIC ULTRASOUND
Trans-abdominal pelvic ultrasound provides pictures of the structures and organs in the lower abdomen or pelvis. A pelvic ultrasound scan in males is used to view the bladder and prostate while in the female provides information about female reproductive organs (uterus, ovaries). The surrounding area that include bowel and blood vessels is also investigated. With this exams, a wide variety of complaints can be investigated (e.g. abdominal pain, liver diseases, kidney or gallbladder stones, tumours and malformations).
How the scan is done?
Trans-abdominal pelvic ultrasound, differently from transvaginal and transrectal ultrasound, is a noninvasive exam. The doctor will apply a special non-greasy gel on the skin and will move a small handheld device, called “probe”, around the area between your hipbones and below the umbilicus to gather the images of your organs, that will be displayed on the screen. You may experience mild pressure from the probe, as it passes over your abdomen. The doctor may ask you to take a breath and hold it during the scanning. This allows to see structures more clearly because they are not moving, obtaining the best images of your organs. You may be asked to move into various positions including lying on your side, sitting or standing to improve the quality of scan.
How do I prepare?
You may need to remove all your clothes below the waist and put on a gown before the test. You should not have anything to eat for 4-6 hours before the procedure.You will need to drink four-six glasses of water and finish one hour before your exam. Do not empy your bladder. A full bladder helps to acquire clear images of the pelvic organs. If you have a problem holding your bladder full you may arrive ahead of time, to drink your water at the clinic. If you feel the bladder is very uncomfortably full, please void some urine to relieve the pressure but try not to empty the bladder. You should take your usual daily medication with some liquid in the morning.