The HPV vaccination or immunization is the most effective method of prevention against HPV while there is no vaccination available for herpes.
In Italy, free HPV vaccination has been offered to 12 years-old girls since 2007, while for males only since 2015.
For women, regular cervical screening or “pap smears” is important to detect early cervical cancer and provide reassurance.
The only method of guaranteed protection from STIs is abstaining from sex.
But practising safe sex will reduce your chances of these STIs. The more often you use latex condoms, the lower the risk of transmission.
Talk your sexual partner(s) about their sexual history.
Use condoms and get regular STI checks.
See your doctor if you have any concerns as soon as possible.